Otherwise known as Cannabis, hemp is an industrial fibre. Defined in various ways depending on which country you are in. Most countries view THC < 1% to be a non-drug form of cannabis (cannabis for drug use is usually over 10% THC). Smoking hemp is more likely to produce a headache than anything else! There are a variety of well-known uses for hemp; today we will be examining how to farm this plant legally. CBD oil drops tinctures
Non Toxic Agriculture
Hemp growing shares many of the attributes of cannabis cultivation. Hemp and cannabis grow and look the same way. Hemp requires no pesticides or herbicides to grow successfully In comparison to cotton, this is important, as cotton crops have 24% of the world’s pesticides sprayed on them, but cotton only has a 2.4% global market share!
The crop must be grown in well-fertilised soil for a good yield. Hemp is versatile enough to grow in different soil types but grows best in sandier soils. Like many crops, the better the soil, the higher the yield. As with all plants, nutrition is gained from the soil in which the plant grows. Some believe this is what prevented hemp from remaining a mainstream crop. Mono-cultured hemp plantations can only be supported by the addition of chemicals.
Industrial hemp is ideal therefore, in crop rotation farming where a sustainable permaculture is established. With a large tap root, hemp is able to extract nutrients from deep within the soil. As the plants flower and are harvested, falling leaves mulch into useful nutrition to keep the soil healthy. The yield from a hectare of the plant is in the region of 9 tons of fibre in <100 days and 2 tons of seed in < 120 days! Using quality seeds and planting with the correct spacing is the best way to ensure an optimal yield. Latitude is an important factor to consider when choosing seed variety. Before planting the first crop, the condition of the existing soil should be assessed.